وَالشَّمْسِ وَضُحَاهَا 1
Dr. Mustafa Khattab By the sun and its brightness,

وَالْقَمَرِ إِذَا تَلَاهَا 2
Dr. Mustafa Khattab and the moon as it follows it,1

وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلَّاهَا 3
Dr. Mustafa Khattab and the day as it unveils it,

وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَاهَا 4
Dr. Mustafa Khattab and the night as it conceals it!

وَالسَّمَاءِ وَمَا بَنَاهَا 5
Dr. Mustafa Khattab And by heaven and ˹the One˺ Who built it,

وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا طَحَاهَا 6
Dr. Mustafa Khattab and the earth and ˹the One˺ Who spread it!

وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا سَوَّاهَا 7
Dr. Mustafa Khattab And by the soul and ˹the One˺ Who fashioned it,

فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا 8
Dr. Mustafa Khattab then with ˹the knowledge of˺ right and wrong inspired it!

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ زَكَّاهَا 9
Dr. Mustafa Khattab Successful indeed is the one who purifies their soul,

وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنْ دَسَّاهَا 10
Dr. Mustafa Khattab and doomed is the one who corrupts it!

كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ بِطَغْوَاهَا 11
Dr. Mustafa Khattab Thamûd rejected ˹the truth˺ out of arrogance,