The Romans
Surah
Ar-Rum
30
١
Alif-Lãm-Mĩm.

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Alif, Lām, Meem.1

Saheeh International

٢
The Romans have been defeated

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

The Byzantines have been defeated1

Saheeh International

٣
in a nearby land.1 Yet following their defeat, they will triumph

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

In the nearest land.1 But they, after their defeat, will overcome

Saheeh International

٤
within three to nine years.1 The ˹whole˺ matter rests with Allah before and after ˹victory˺. And on that day the believers will rejoice

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Within three to nine years. To Allah belongs the command [i.e., decree] before and after. And that day the believers will rejoice

Saheeh International

٥
at the victory willed by Allah. He gives victory to whoever He wills. For He is the Almighty, Most Merciful.

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

In the victory of Allah.1 He gives victory to whom He wills, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.

Saheeh International

٦
˹This is˺ the promise of Allah. ˹And˺ Allah never fails in His promise. But most people do not know.

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

[It is] the promise of Allah. Allah does not fail in His promise, but most of the people do not know.

Saheeh International

٧
They ˹only˺ know the worldly affairs of this life, but are ˹totally˺ oblivious to the Hereafter.

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

They know what is apparent of the worldly life, but they, of the Hereafter, are unaware.

Saheeh International

٨
Have they not reflected upon their own being? Allah only created the heavens and the earth and everything in between for a purpose and an appointed term. Yet most people are truly in denial of the meeting with their Lord!

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Do they not contemplate within themselves?1 Allah has not created the heavens and the earth and what is between them except in truth and for a specified term. And indeed, many of the people, in the meeting with their Lord, are disbelievers.

Saheeh International

٩
Have they not travelled throughout the land to see what was the end of those ˹destroyed˺ before them? They were far superior in might; they cultivated the land and developed it more than these ˹Meccans˺ ever have. Their messengers came to them with clear proofs. Allah would have never wronged them, but it was they who wronged themselves.

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Have they not traveled through the earth and observed how was the end of those before them? They were greater than them in power, and they plowed [or excavated] the earth and built it up more than they [i.e., the Makkans] have built it up, and their messengers came to them with clear evidences. And Allah would not ever have wronged them, but they were wronging themselves.

Saheeh International

١٠
Then most evil was the end of the evildoers for denying and mocking the signs of Allah.

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Then the end of those who did evil was the worst [consequence] because they denied the signs of Allah and used to ridicule them.

Saheeh International

Notes placeholders