وَالْفَجْرِ 1
Dr. Mustafa Khattab By the dawn,1

وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ 2
Dr. Mustafa Khattab and the ten nights,1

وَالشَّفْعِ وَالْوَتْرِ 3
Dr. Mustafa Khattab and the even and the odd,

وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَسْرِ 4
Dr. Mustafa Khattab and the night when it passes!

هَلْ فِي ذَٰلِكَ قَسَمٌ لِذِي حِجْرٍ 5
Dr. Mustafa Khattab Is all this ˹not˺ a sufficient oath for those who have sense?

أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِعَادٍ 6
Dr. Mustafa Khattab Did you not see how your Lord dealt with ’Ȃd—

إِرَمَ ذَاتِ الْعِمَادِ 7
Dr. Mustafa Khattab ˹the people˺ of Iram—with ˹their˺ great stature,

الَّتِي لَمْ يُخْلَقْ مِثْلُهَا فِي الْبِلَادِ 8
Dr. Mustafa Khattab unmatched in any other land;

وَثَمُودَ الَّذِينَ جَابُوا الصَّخْرَ بِالْوَادِ 9
Dr. Mustafa Khattab and Thamûd who carved ˹their homes into˺ the rocks in the ˹Stone˺ Valley;

وَفِرْعَوْنَ ذِي الْأَوْتَادِ 10
Dr. Mustafa Khattab and the Pharaoh of mighty structures?1

الَّذِينَ طَغَوْا فِي الْبِلَادِ 11
Dr. Mustafa Khattab They all transgressed throughout the land,