وَإِنِّي كُلَّمَا دَعَوْتُهُمْ لِتَغْفِرَ لَهُمْ جَعَلُوا أَصَابِعَهُمْ فِي آذَانِهِمْ وَاسْتَغْشَوْا ثِيَابَهُمْ وَأَصَرُّوا وَاسْتَكْبَرُوا اسْتِكْبَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab And whenever I invite them to be forgiven by You, they press their fingers into their ears, cover themselves with their clothes, persist ˹in denial˺, and act very arrogantly.

ثُمَّ إِنِّي دَعَوْتُهُمْ جِهَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab Then I certainly called them openly,

ثُمَّ إِنِّي أَعْلَنْتُ لَهُمْ وَأَسْرَرْتُ لَهُمْ إِسْرَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab then I surely preached to them publicly and privately,

فَقُلْتُ اسْتَغْفِرُوا رَبَّكُمْ ﯿ إِنَّهُ كَانَ غَفَّارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab saying, “Seek your Lord’s forgiveness, ˹for˺ He is truly Most Forgiving.

يُرْسِلِ السَّمَاءَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِدْرَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab He will shower you with abundant rain,

وَيُمْدِدْكُمْ بِأَمْوَالٍ وَبَنِينَ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ أَنْهَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab supply you with wealth and children, and give you gardens as well as rivers.

مَا لَكُمْ لَا تَرْجُونَ لِلَّهِ وَقَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab What is the matter with you that you are not in awe of the Majesty of Allah,

وَقَدْ خَلَقَكُمْ أَطْوَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab when He truly created you in stages ˹of development˺?1

أَلَمْ تَرَوْا كَيْفَ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ طِبَاقًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab Do you not see how Allah created seven heavens, one above the other,

وَجَعَلَ الْقَمَرَ فِيهِنَّ نُورًا وَجَعَلَ الشَّمْسَ سِرَاجًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab placing the moon within them as a ˹reflected˺ light, and the sun as a ˹radiant˺ lamp?

وَاللَّهُ أَنْبَتَكُمْ مِنَ ﭿ الْأَرْضِ نَبَاتًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab Allah ˹alone˺ caused you1 to grow from the earth like a plant.