يَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ مِنْ ذُنُوبِكُمْ وَيُؤَخِّرْكُمْ إِلَىٰ أَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى إِنَّ أَجَلَ اللَّهِ إِذَا جَاءَ لَا يُؤَخَّرُ لَوْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
Dr. Mustafa Khattab He will forgive your sins, and delay your end until the appointed time.1 Indeed, when the time set by Allah comes, it cannot be delayed, if only you knew!”

قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّي دَعَوْتُ قَوْمِي لَيْلًا وَنَهَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab He cried, “My Lord! I have surely called my people day and night,

فَلَمْ يَزِدْهُمْ دُعَائِي إِلَّا فِرَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab but my calls only made them run farther away.

وَإِنِّي كُلَّمَا دَعَوْتُهُمْ لِتَغْفِرَ لَهُمْ جَعَلُوا أَصَابِعَهُمْ فِي آذَانِهِمْ وَاسْتَغْشَوْا ثِيَابَهُمْ وَأَصَرُّوا وَاسْتَكْبَرُوا اسْتِكْبَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab And whenever I invite them to be forgiven by You, they press their fingers into their ears, cover themselves with their clothes, persist ˹in denial˺, and act very arrogantly.

ثُمَّ إِنِّي دَعَوْتُهُمْ جِهَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab Then I certainly called them openly,

ثُمَّ إِنِّي أَعْلَنْتُ لَهُمْ وَأَسْرَرْتُ لَهُمْ إِسْرَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab then I surely preached to them publicly and privately,

فَقُلْتُ اسْتَغْفِرُوا رَبَّكُمْ ﯿ إِنَّهُ كَانَ غَفَّارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab saying, “Seek your Lord’s forgiveness, ˹for˺ He is truly Most Forgiving.

يُرْسِلِ السَّمَاءَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِدْرَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab He will shower you with abundant rain,

وَيُمْدِدْكُمْ بِأَمْوَالٍ وَبَنِينَ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ وَيَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ أَنْهَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab supply you with wealth and children, and give you gardens as well as rivers.

مَا لَكُمْ لَا تَرْجُونَ لِلَّهِ وَقَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab What is the matter with you that you are not in awe of the Majesty of Allah,

وَقَدْ خَلَقَكُمْ أَطْوَارًا
Dr. Mustafa Khattab when He truly created you in stages ˹of development˺?1